Indian Journal of Artificial Intelligence and Law (e-ISSN: 2582-6999)

Volume 2, Issue 2 (April 2022)

The Indian Journal of Artificial Intelligence and Law is a biannual law journal covering technology law in a combination of theoretical and practical approaches. It also provides coverage of the relationship between law and artificial intelligence in businesses, education, research and innovation practices.

The journal publishes 2 issues per year in due frequency.

This journal is supported by Indian Society of Artificial Intelligence and Law.

The Journal has discontinued its publication since May 2022.


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Volume 2, Issue 2 (April 2022)

Published on April 15, 2022

Read the Current Issue

Thaler v Commissioner of Patents [2021] FCA 879: DABUS – An ‘Inventor’?

Rahul Kanna & Pallavi Singh, Jindal Global Law School, Sonepat

Crossing the Rubicon: Evaluating the Use of Artificial Intelligence in the Law and Singapore Courts

Tor Ming En, Singapore Management University, Singapore

Artificial Intelligence and Terrorism Prevention: Finding a balance between Privacy Right and National Security

Prince Samuel Amadi & Herbert Best Eti, Solicitors, Supreme Court of Nigeria

On AI and Web3, featuring an Intellectual Property Angle with Ankit Sahni, IP Law Practitioner

Aditi Sharma, Chief Managing Editor

On the Council of Europe’s approach to AI Ethics with Gregor Strojin, President, CAHAI

Akash Manwani, Special Associate Editor

On the Pendency of Cases in the Supreme Court of India, with Ayan Chandra & Shubham Pandey, IIT Kharagpur

Mridutpal Bhattacharyya, Deputy Managing Editor

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  • To establish the manifest nature of academic learning and research in AI Ethics by endorsing systemic studies and exploration in various dimensions of AI and Social Sciences through professional enculturation;

  • To encourage academic and applied innovation in AI Ethics and Law by democratizing and opening opportunities in publication, presentation and discussions for R&D Projects;

  • To encourage certain initiatives within the ambit of ISAIL;

Kinds of Submissions We Accept

We accept:

  • Articles (2500-10,000 words)

  • Legislative Reviews or Case Comments (2,500-4,000 words)

  • Policy Analysis (5,000-10,000 words)


Presenting the Themes of the Journal

Indian Society of Artificial Intelligence and Law is achieving more with our initiatives than ever before. We work on many exciting projects to help improve the lives of others, and are very proud of the progress we continue to make. Learn more about what we do, who we help, and how we work every day to promote positive change.

Artificial Intelligence and Law: Philosophy, Technology and Theory

  • The Turing Test and its Significance

  • Dartmouth Principle and its Relevance

  • Artificial Life

  • Cognitive and Developmental Systems CI: Computational Intelligence (General/Other)

  • Evolutionary Computation 

  • Fuzzy Systems

  • Heuristics, Meta-Heuristics and Hyper-Heuristics 

  • Human-Like Intelligence

  • Hybrid Computational Intelligence

  • Natural Language Processing

  • Brain-Sensing and Analysis 

  • Human Computation

  • Human-Agent Negotiation 

  • Human-Aware Planning and Behavior Prediction

  • Human-Computer Interaction 

  • Human-in-the-loop Planning/Learning

  • Human-Robot/Agent Interaction 

  • Interaction Techniques and Devices

  • Language Acquisition 

  • Learning Human Values and Preferences

  • Planning and Decision Support for Human-

  • Machine Teams, Teamwork, Team formation

  • Understanding People, Theories, Concepts and Methods

  • User Experience and Usability

  • The Criminology of Artificial Intelligence

  • Active Learning

  • Adaptive Data Analysis

  • Adversarial Learning, Robustness, and Uncertainty Quantification

  • AutoML

  • Bandit Algorithms 

  • Bayesian Learning

  • Causal Learning 

  • Classification and Regression

  • Clustering 

  • Data Mining

  • Deep Learning 

  • Dimensionality Reduction/Feature Selection

  • Ensemble Methods 

  • Evaluation and Analysis (Machine Learning)

  • Evolutionary Learning 

  • Feature Extraction

  • Machine Learning (General) 

  • Manifold Learning

  • Neural Networks 

  • Online Learning

  • Probabilistic Graphical Model 

  • Reinforcement Learning

  • Relational Learning 

  • Representation Learning

  • Self-Supervised Learning 

  • Semi-Supervised Learning

Artificial Intelligence and Law: International Relations and Public Diplomacy

  • AI, Elections and Public Governance

  • Psychographics & Public Diplomacy: the Cambridge Analytica Case

  • AI & Diplomacy

  • Innovative and Automated Learning

Artificial Intelligence and Law: Economics and Market Ethics

  • Algorithmic Policing

  • Algorithm Pricing and Competition Law

  • AI and the Financial Sector 

  • Economic impact assessment through AI

  • Economic impact assessment of AI

Artificial Intelligence and Law: Data Ethics and Social Sciences

  • AI and Data Processing

  • Robotic Justice in Indian Administrative

  • AI in the Health Care Sector

  • AI in Education System

  • AI and Health Care

  • Geriatric Care and AI

  • AI and Disability 

  • AI and Data Protection

  • AI and Algorithmic Bias

  • AI and Environment Protection

  • AI and Agriculture


  1. The abstract must not exceed 800 words in length and must not be less than 500 words in length.

  2. The length of articles are provided as follows: Short Articles - 4,000-6,000 words; Long Article - 6,000-beyond; Case Comments - 2,000-4,000. 

  3. The object and clarity of the paper decide its selection and publication process.

  4. Co-authorship is allowed to a maximum of 7 authors if the submission is related to the field of Computer Sciences and in case of the submission in the domain of Law and Social Sciences, co-authorship is allowed to a maximum of 3.

  5. All references should be done in the format of in-text citations following the ISO 690: 2010 (First Element & Date) standard. No references are allowed whether in the format of endnotes or footnotes. However, footnotes providing further information or subjective notes are allowed. 

  6. You can refer to the link provided to learn how to generate placeholders and list of references: For any queries, do not hesitate to contact the Editorial Board.

  7. Also, to apply the citation style, you can use and generate ISO 690: 2010 style.

  8. Use Springer LNCS for the format of the paper draft. Please refer to the link to download the Springer LNCS template for the manuscript:

  9. Also, kindly provide a Bibliography of List of References as well.

  10. Kindly register using Google Forms at .

  11. Provide your ORCiD (Kindly register at for free), in your article submitted to us. 

  12. Ensure the originality of the research work submitted. The work has to be fully referenced, and all authors should be accurately represented. Kindly get acknowledgement letters from co-authors before the submission for no objection, if your paper is accepted for publication. 

  13. Our team will contact you after your article is selected for the due submission of your ORCiD.

  14. The submission must be exclusive. It must not be published or submitted anywhere else, all, or in part. In case of submission anywhere else, the author should intimate the team clearly on this and get clearance from the Editorial Board if the same is approved based on the circumstances. 

  15. Disclose sources of all data and third-party material, including previously unpublished work by the authors themselves.

  16. Strictly avoid fabrication of research data as well as manipulation of existing data.

  17. Openly declare any conflicts of interest – for example, if the research work was intended to benefit any particular service or institute in which the author’s interest lies. If the submitted work contains a significant conceptual or textual reproduction of the research work undertaken by/for such institution, then kindly submit acknowledgement letter from the relevant authority.

  18. Expect accurate plagiarism checking measures. Submissions will be scrutinized for plagiarism of words, ideas, writings, information, illustration, graphic representations, printed and electronic materials, and any other original work. The correct citation is essential.

  19. Do proper referencing in the submission by strictly following the recommended citation style. At any stage of the editorial/review process, author(s) will be directed to undertake this themselves if the submission has not used proper referencing styles. Maintain good communication and cooperate fully with the editorial team.  

  20. All the selection remarks for the papers will be provided to every individual applicant with the case whether their paper is approved or not.

  21. The papers reviewed and approved by the Peer Reviewers and Editors will be published in our upcoming issue of the Journal with an ISSN. The Journal may be available in other possible forms and forums. The team will be in the process of attainment of adequate recognition standards for the articles published, for which, we will contact you and intimate shortly.

  22. The Copyright of the works (articles/interviews/testimonials/other works approved by the Editorial Board of the Journal through the Chief Managing Editor of the Journal) published in every issue of the Journal is transferred to the Publisher of the Journal.


Call for Submissions (Volume 3, Issue 1, 2022)

Please note: After your manuscript is approved for publication in the journal, we will communicate with you.

Deadline for Submission

August 31, 2022

Intimation of Selection of Manuscript by Assessment

Within 1-2 weeks of submission.

Previous Issues of the Journal

April 15, 2022

Volume 2, Issue 2 (April 2022)

October 15, 2021

Volume 2, Issue 1 (October 2021)

April 15, 2021

Volume 1, Issue 2 (April 2021)

October 15, 2020

Volume 1, Issue 1 (October 2020)


Helpful Information

What is ORCID?

ORCID provides a persistent digital identifier (an ORCID iD) that you own and control, and that distinguishes you from every other researcher. You can connect your iD with your professional information — affiliations, grants, publications, peer review, and more. You can use your iD to share your information with other systems, ensuring you get recognition for all your contributions, saving you time and hassle, and reducing the risk of errors.

How to register for ORCID?

It is simple. Register a new account at for free. You can then get a 12-digit ORCID ID, which will be used for publication and indexing purposes.

Use your iD, when prompted, in systems and platforms from grant application to manuscript submission and beyond, to ensure you get credit for your contributions.

What is in-line placeholder citation style? (For Microsoft Word Users)

In Word, you can easily add citations when writing a document where you need to cite your sources, such as a research paper. Citations can be added in various formats, including APAChicago-style, GOST, IEEE, ISO 690, and MLA. Afterwards, you can create a bibliography of the sources you used to write your paper.

To add a citation to your document, you first add the source that you used.

Add a new citation and source to a document

  1. On the References tab, in the Citations & Bibliography group, click the arrow next to Style and click the style that you want to use for the citation and source. For example, social sciences documents usually use the MLA or APA styles for citations and sources.

  2. Click at the end of the sentence or phrase that you want to cite.

  3. On the Reference tab, click Insert Citation and then do one of the following:

    • To add the source information, click Add New Source, and then, in the Create Source dialog box, click the arrow next to Type of Source, and select the type of source you want to use (for example, a book section or a website).

    • To add a placeholder, so that you can create a citation and fill in the source information later, click Add New Placeholder. A question mark appears next to placeholder sources in Source Manager.

  4. If you chose to add a source, enter the details for the source. To add more information about a source, click the Show All Bibliography Fields check box.

  5. Click OK when finished. The source is added as a citation at the place you selected in your document.

When you've completed these steps, the citation is added to the list of available citations. The next time you quote this reference, you don't have to type it all out again. You just add the citation to your document. After you've added a source, you may find you need to make changes to it at a later time. To do this, see Edit a source.


  • If you've added a placeholder and want to replace it with citation information, see Edit a source.

  • If you choose a GOST or ISO 690 style for your sources and a citation is not unique, append an alphabetic character to the year. For example, a citation would appear as [Pasteur, 1848a].

  • If you choose ISO 690-Numerical Reference and your citations still don't appear consecutively, you must click the ISO 690 style again, and then press ENTER to correctly order the citations.

Add citations to your document

  1. Click at the end of the sentence or phrase that you want to cite, and then on the References tab, in the Citations & Bibliography group, click Insert Citations.

  2. From the list of citations under Insert Citation, select the citation you want to use.

Find a source

The list of sources that you use can become quite long. At times, you might need to search for a source that you cited in another document.

  1. On the References tab, in the Citations & Bibliography group, click Manage Sources.

    If you open a new document that does not yet contain citations, all of the sources that you used in previous documents appear under Master List.

    If you open a document that includes citations, the sources for those citations appear under Current List. All the sources that you have cited, either in previous documents or in the current document, appear under Master List.

  2. To find a specific source, do one of the following:

    • In the sorting box, sort by author, title, citation tag name, or year, and then look for the source that you want in the resulting list.

    • In the Search box, type the title or author for the source that you want to find. The list dynamically narrows to match your search term.

Note: You can click the Browse button in Source Manager to select another master list from which you can import new sources into your document. For example, you might connect to a file on a shared server, on a research colleague's computer or server, or on a Web site that is hosted by a university or research institution.

Edit a source

  1. On the References tab, in the Citations & Bibliography group, click Manage Sources.

  2. In the Source Manager dialog box, under Master List or Current List, select the source you want to edit, and then click Edit.

    Note: To edit a placeholder to add citation information, select the placeholder from Current List and click Edit.

  3. In the Edit Source dialog box, make the changes you want and click OK.

How to Generate Placeholders without Microsoft Word?

In that case, please use

What Are You Citing?: Source Type Options

  • Do you know what you’re citing? Answering this question is usually the first step in creating a citation. On Cite This For Me, you can choose from a list of 30+ source types. It doesn’t matter if you’re citing a website, book, video, online image, or something totally different. Cite This For Me has you covered.

How Does This Work?

  • Immediately start citing by clicking on the website or journal article icon. If you’re using another source type, like book, click “More” to see all available options. From there, a form will pop up and show you all of the information you should look for in your source. Remember: the information for sources can vary (e.g. one photo may have a title, another photo may have none), so the forms do not require a completely filled out form to add a reference. You can create a citation at any time and also go back and edit it as many times as you want.

  • To help you save even more time and effort when citing websites, books, and journal articles, Cite This For Me will automatically find reference information and fill out some of the form for you. It sounds like a school myth but it’s true! When citing these sources, you start off with a search bar that assists you in finding the source you are referencing. Once you select the proper source from the listed results, you’ll be shown what information was and was not found, then taken directly to the form. Here you can confirm, edit, and add any information before adding the reference to your list—you’re always in control and have the final say on your references.

Choosing a Citation Style

  • Odds are, you’ve been given a specific citation style to use by your teacher, publication, editor, or colleague. (If not, try MLA formatAPA citation, or Harvard referencing as they are the most popular.) Did you know there are literally thousands of citations styles in the world? Fortunately, Cite This For Me has a lot of them! In the navigation bar, click “2. Choose style” to open our citation style search widget and select the right style for you!

Citation Guides: Understanding it All

Beyond simply creating references or citations, most citation styles have additional guidelines about paper formatting, in-text citations, and other details. Cite This For Me citation guides covers a lot of this additional information, so your paper is more properly prepped and less likely to get points taken off for these details. The citation guides cover several citation styles, but the most popular are APAChicago Manual of styleMLAHarvard referencing, Normas APA and Normas ABNT.

Senior Editors

Who We Are


Editor In Chief

Chairperson & Managing Trustee

Indian Society of Artificial Intelligence & Law

Mridutpal Bhattacharyya

Managing Editor

Consulting Editor, Indic Journal of International Law

formerly Deputy Chief Innovation Officer, Indian Society of Artificial Intelligence and Law

Abhishek Jain

Managing Editor

Alumnus, National Law University, Delhi

Kshitij Naik

Senior Associate Editor

IP Lawyer and Former Deputy COO, Indian Society of Artificial Intelligence and Law

Akash Manwani

Associate Editor

Associate Advocate, Economic Laws Practice​

Dr Ritu Agarwal

Consulting Editor

Formerly Assistant Professor, Amity University Lucknow Campus



Last Issue Published: Volume 1, Issue 2 (April 2021)
Date of Publication of the Last Issue: April 15, 2021